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Perspectives on Toussaint
Man of the Millennium Article
History's Unsung Hero
Wendell Phillips on Toussaint Louverture
Biography Wendell Phillips
Life and Times of Toussaint Louverture
The World of Toussaint Louverture
The Slave Trade
The Constitution 1801
The Joux Castle
Les Plaintes de Toussaint Louverture
Haiti Timeline
Famous Quotes
Souvenirs
The Joux Castle

This castle, with its 1000 years of history --- the earliest construction dates back to 1034 - laid on 2 hectare ( 5 acre) site illustrates the defensive structures throughout the ages: the massive towers of the Middle Ages, the bastions from the time of the architect Vauban ( late 17th century), the relatively modern fort built in front of the castle by Joffre beginning in 1879.

Three moats complete with drawbridges stand guard before a world of prisons , from the dungeon to the cells of the legendary Toussaint Louverture.



"You think me a fanatic tonight, for you read history, not with your eyes, but with your prejudices. But fifty years hence, when Truth gets a hearing, the Muse of History will put Phoecion of the Greek, and Brutus for the Roman, Hampden for England, Fayette for France, choose Washington as the bright, consummate flower of our earlier civilization, and John Brown the ripe fruit of our noonday, then, dipping her pen in the sunlight, will write in the clear blue, above them all, the name of the soldier, the statesman, the martyr, Toussaint l'Ouverture."

                                                                            Wendell Phillips


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